Generalization of Mass-Energy Conservation.
Question - (3-A)
order to predict all the phenomena usually attributed to
can we just take into account the change of mass (due to
all other energies) and use Newton's equations (without any
A. - Yes,
quite correct. However, we must take a "full account" of all the
transformations between masses and energy, both directly and
indirectly. This might not be as obvious as expected at first
because this principle must be equally applied inside atoms. The
principle of mass-energy conservation must be applied quite
in all cases, even inside atoms and nuclei.
Question - (3-B)
both the electron mass and the proton mass increase in the
proportion, does this compensate so that the atomic energy
remain the same?
A. - No,
this same relative change of mass does not lead to any
Since the effective mass value that must be taken in the
for the proton and the electron leads to "reduced masses", the
levels almost change solely due to the change of electron mass.
change of proton mass gives a negligible correction (about 2000
smaller than for the electron). Being negligible compared with the
effect due to the change of electron mass, this variation of the
mass is neglected. The variation of electron mass is taken
account in chapters three
also eleven of the
Book: "Einstein's Theory of
versus Classical Mechanics".
Question - (3-C)
Apart of the fact that there is a change of
electron mass inside atoms, is there any other important
atoms which have consequences when we apply Newton's
A. - Yes,
is well known that there are two important consequences which
the Newtonian parameters. They are:
1- A change of electron mass leads to a change of size of the Bohr
radius. Consequently, the size of the atoms is different.
size of matter (e.g. length) is different. Any physical material
(standard rods, size of human bodies, etc. . . .) will occupy a
different volume (different lengths) in space.
2- A change of electron mass changes the energy of the quantum
of atoms. That change of quantum levels changes the frequencies of
energy (light) emitted during these transitions. Therefore atomic
clocks will run at a different rate (following a change of
phenomena are demonstrated in detail in the book: Einstein's Theory of Relativity
Question - (3-D)
the change of size of matter and the change of clock rate
above imply new physics and new hypotheses, or is it just the
physics previously known for almost a century?
A. The change of size of the Bohr radius and the change of
radiation emitted during transitions is in perfect agreement with
Broglie equation, which is the realistic basis of quantum
This physical phenomenon was known in 1914. (Ref. Sagnac M. G., J.
1914, 4, 177-195). It is also in perfect agreement with all modern
quantum mechanics and quantum electrodynamics calculations
the twenties (Schroedinger equation). De Broglie's equation and
modern calculations are in perfect agreement with all existing
experimental data, which imply a change of atom size, as a
a change of electron mass. No one can argue against the change of
of matter (rods) and the change of clock rate as a consequence of
change of electron mass (due to mass-energy conservation). This
be contrary to the calculation of quantum mechanics which have
led to correct predictions.
point out that the mathematics of quantum mechanics leads to
predictions even if its physical interpretation is absurd.
Consequently, the change of length of matter does not imply any
physics. It is just an application of de Broglie equation (or the
application of the mathematics of quantum mechanics, if you
the principle of mass-energy conservation. All the physical
observations can now be described physically without
of Einstein's arbitrary hypotheses.
Question - (3-F)
is the consequence of such a "change of size of atoms" and a
clock rate" in Newtonian physics (due to the change of
A. - In Newton Mechanics, calculations require the knowledge of
This length is defined as the number of times the (proper) local
standard unit of length is counted in the length to be measured.
Furthermore, Newton's mechanics also uses clocks. In order to
what is called: The (proper) Newtonian Time Interval, the observer
refer to the "Clock Display" generated by the local clock, (which
depends on the change of electron mass).
Consequently, when a moving observer measures the "proper length"
the "proper value" on the local clock, these readings are
the change of electron mass (therefore on the observer's velocity
its potential energy). Therefore any observer measuring the proper
length and the proper display on the moving frame must take into
account the corrections due to the change of electron mass.
Question - (3-G)
this means that, when we take into account the change of mass
above, question 3-F), we must also necessarily always take
account, the corresponding change of length and also the
change of clock rate?
A. - Yes.
This is absolutely necessary. We must be coherent.
Question - (3-H)
Are there any other phenomena that must still
added to these above corrections?
A. - As
as you take into account mass-energy conservation everywhere,
you can be sure to get the correct answer. This includes
conservation plus secondary consequences due to mass-energy
conservation (which are a change of length and a change of clock
Even in the case of macroscopic physics, you simply have to apply
Newton's laws of physics, using proper values, as observed by an
observer which is assumed to be located where the phenomenon takes
atomic and molecular energies inside atoms and even nuclear
the nucleus, we must also consider the relevant electric, magnetic
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