Frequently Asked Questions
Flat Universe, No
Contraction, No Time Dilation
Series #4 Flat Universe - and - Common sense
Question - (4-A)
you explain in words, what is the nature of the changes that
introduced by Einstein, as a consequence of the theory of
of Relativity because he wanted to
explain the experimental data existing at that time. Theories
at his time were not coherent. Einstein's suggested that space
are distorted. His equations imply that "time" is another
similar to the coordinates X, Y and Z describing a classical
space. According to Einstein, one could transform space into
time into space, just as we change of coordinate when we turn
right or move up or down.
equation means that we have
decided that "Time" is identical to "Space". This is a
postulate. However, even if we have decided mathematically that
so, there is no guarantee that it is what really exists in
Nature can have decided otherwise. Our mathematical
is therefore mathematically correct but can be physically
depth and height. With these
three dimensions, all volume of space is fully considered
leaving any room for anything else. When we fill a bottle with a
liquid, the volume of the liquid increases freely at the third
(and not the fourth) of the linear dimension of the bottle which
corresponds to three dimensions.
three-dimensional volume of matter keeps
existing as a function of time. However, the properties of time
"physically" different from the properties of space.
Einstein's theory, the mathematical sign in front of the
"time" (squared) is not the same as for space. It is negative.
common sense shows that the physical meaning of time is
the physical meaning of space. We must not be ashamed of using
sense" in modern science.
of mathematical models. These two
fields are fundamentally different although they work together
counterparts. These two fields do not deal with the same
principles. No experimental or observational apparatuses are
to do mathematics. However, observations or experimentation are
absolutely necessary in physics.
Question - (4-B)
Newton's method. All physical
phenomena could be explained with a mechanical model. That
using diagrams to give clear illustrations and mechanisms
components were functioning using plain logic. However, in
century physics, "conventional logic" is no longer
acceptable among the
FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS of relativity and quantum mechanics. It
rejected. Common sense is no longer considered as a valid
when explanations are looked for. Why should "common sense"
in an argumentation in favor or against a physical model?
that modern physics uses descriptions that
cannot be represented physically. It has been said several times
nobody can understand relativity. This is not surprising since
physical interpretation of modern physics is not compatible with
conventional logic and common sense. Only the internal
century, the return to logic and common sense in Newton's
an agreeable relax, following the mediaeval times when the
did not bother to verify the coherence or the cause of the
observed. The scientific philosophy of the 20th
century returned to the beliefs of the mediaeval age when
expanding. Conventional logic applied to physics, which has been
previously in science at different epochs by Aristotle, Galileo,
has been abandoned again in the twentieth century.
error (and much pride) to claim that it has
been demonstrated that no realistic physical model
can exist to describe Nature. This return to the denial of
is the most striking characteristic of modern physics (quantum
and relativity) of the 20th century. It is confounding to discover that the 20th
century science is applying the same occult principles in
the basic principles of relativity (neither mass-energy nor
conservation) and quantum mechanics (with the Copenhagen
interpretation). It took centuries of laborious work before
logical level of fundamental understanding from which finally,
established logical arguments to explain physics.
does not allow to formulate
any logical objection against the physical bases of relativity.
opinion is automatically rejected. One must then admit that
theory of relativity brings the twentieth century back to the
mystifying power of occult sciences of the mediaeval ages. The
disconcerting observation is that, even famous "scientists"
Richard Feynman) are proud (reference to Feynman in: "Absurdities in
Physics: A Solution" , chapter one)
of having gone back to these primitive interpretations, claiming
blatantly: "So I hope you can accept Nature as she is - absurd."
sense, (mass-energy conservation) we
are led to abandon Einstein hypotheses? Is the universe
mathematically flat? Therefore, all physical phenomena can
without space contraction and time dilation?
and observations can be explained
without Einstein's hypotheses. Einstein's hypotheses are
are only three dimensions in space. All matter in the universe
in time, just as explained by Newton. Then, we can say that the
universe is mathematically flat.
defines "Time" as what is shown on clocks.
We have seen in the book: Einstein's
Mecanics (chapter two)
that, due to mass-energy conservation, when potential or kinetic
energies are absorbed by the particles (electrons) of the atoms,
is a real physical change of clock rate. Consequently, it is not
acceptable to believe that "Time" really changes its rate, just
clocks run at a different rate. Using Newton's mechanics with
of the de Broglie wavelengths of matter, we must examine all
effects that can be explained realistically.
all variations of clock rate and change
of lengths (of rods) are calculated using the de Broglie
Since this mechanism could be calculated around 1920 using
mechanics, and also that no new hypothesis is required, why
explanation, leading to a change of physical length, not
this calculation, giving a natural
explanation (to a change of clock rate and the change of length
matter), has not been done previously. Unfortunately, at the
of this century, it seems that physicists have given up hope of
a logical realistic explanation. Einstein's relativity was
rapidly. As mentioned by Popper, it was claimed (and still
is a final theory, and that physics has reached the end
road! (see: Absurdities
need for Einstein to suggest a physical
mechanism to explain his predicted "space contraction" and "time
dilation". All sorts of bizarre explanations were suggested.
could not find any physical mechanism explaining how space could
dilate. Finally, it was recognized that no possible
was compatible with common sense. Common sense was
longer accepted in argumentation. This became a dogma.
readily available to everyone.
It is important to notice that the de Broglie mechanism is quite
natural and leads naturally to length contraction (and dilation)
without any new hypothesis. Even more, all the mathematics of
mechanics would be unsuccessful if the de Broglie's mechanism is
incorrect. De Broglie's model and quantum mechanics render
hypotheses useless and superfluous. The recognized correctness
predictions given by the mathematics of quantum mechanics must
considered as a excellent proof of the validity of a reality
of physical contraction and dilation of
Question - (4-E)
we must simply apply Newton's physics
everywhere using proper units to calculate local phenomena?
be a fundamental law of Nature. We have seen
above that in any frame of reference, the application of
always leads to a correct answer. It is so, because we have
account that the units are changing when we change frame.
we see now that Newton's physics is invariant independently of
frame where we are located. It is quite natural to use the
existing at the place where the phenomenon takes place.
what happens inside an external
frame, we must calculate the real number of ALL the units
that other frame, before using Newton's physics. Then, after
physics has been applied, the number of proper units calculated
external frame can be transformed into the units of our frame.
using physical relationships, (Newton's equations) proper values
always be used. This leads to logical and correct predictions.
Question - (4-F)
change because an observer (alone) is
located in a different frame. Therefore it seems that a so
"relativistic" phenomenon should be observable on both the
the final frame. For example, the advance of the perihelion
must also be observable by an observer located on Mercury.
Is this true?
know that there is an advance of the perihelion
of the orbit of Mercury around the Sun. This means that the
of the axis of the ellipse rotates slowly around the Sun. Also,
means that when the direction of the axis of the ellipse is
the direction of a given star at one time, the rotation of the
the ellipse is such that the axis will no longer point exactly
same direction (toward the same star) after a rotation of
around the Sun. This is true whether we are stand on Mercury, on
or anywhere in the universe. This is a real physical
using different units. One can
calculate the number of units (seconds) measured on another
using the transformations obtained by the application of the
of mass-energy conservation.
New Choice of Questions
Return to top of
Go to: Previous
Series of Questions
Go to: Next Series
Return to list of
Return to list