( Last checked 2018/01/16 - The estate of Paul Marmet
)

In the web pages below, we present explanations which are compatible with Newtonian and semi-classical physics. We apply the principle of causality and avoid models requiring a probabilistic existence of matter and non-locality. This differs from the current approach of modern physics.

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Semi-classical physics can explain a slightly inelastic collision of photons due to traces of hydrogen in outer space. These inelastic collisions are responsible for an observed redshift which is undistinguishable from the cosmological redshift. Numerous observations give strong supporting evidence for that previously ignored natural phenomenon.

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More and more astronomical evidence points to inconsistencies in the Big Bang theory. A canadian astrophysicist presents this evidence and explains how the cosmic redshift is caused by gaseous matter in space, not by the Doppler effect.

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Molecular hydrogen, difficult to detect and long ignored, is now shown to exist in sufficient quantity to explain Dark Matter and the cosmological redshift. Exotic particles are not needed and the universe can be interpreted as not expanding.

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It is shown that the 3 K radiation received from outer space is simply the natural Planck radiation emitted by the well known dust and gaseous interstellar gases at 3 K.

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Redshift observations reported in several galactic objects like binary stars, star clusters, and the K effect are compared with the predicted non-Doppler redshift caused by the inelastic transmission of photons in rarefied interstellar gases (due to the mechanism explained above in papers 1, 2 and 3). It is found that the observations are compatible with the predicted redshift caused by a gas around and between stars. This mechanism has important consequences in cosmology.

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Published in New Scientist, May 22, 2004.

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A center-to-limb variation of solar wavelengths has been known for 75 years but has remained unexplained until now. A theory considered in this paper can explain this variation and also predict its amplitude without the need of any adjustable parameter.

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An increasingly large number of recent observations consistently reveals the existence of a much larger amount of intergalactic matter than known a few years ago. That intergalactic gas appears to be responsible for the observed redshift. This result lead to a nonexpanding cosmological universe.

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Olbers' paradox has a clear solution when we realize that the interstellar matter (dust and gases) is at 3 K. If our eyes could detect that 3 K radiation, the night sky will then be quite bright. There is no paradox when we observe the sky at the correct wavelength.

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We explain the reason why quasars appear to be unusual objects with large redshifts while being physically much closer to us than usually claimed. We explain why the redshift compatible with the luminosity distance relationship observed in galaxies is not observed in quasars.

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"Crater timing" has been used during lunar eclipses to determine the size of the Earth's shadow. It is generally believed that the Earth's atmosphere is responsible for an apparent enlargement. However, refraction by the Earth atmosphere would make a much smaller shadow on the moon. It is shown that this is an optical illusion. It has been reproduced in a laboratory and observed by several independent observers.

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A previous analysis of radio Doppler and ranging data from distant Pioneer 10 and 11 spacecrafts indicated an apparent anomalous gravitational acceleration. Several hypotheses involving new physics have been proposed. We propose here that the additional acceleration in the direction of the Sun is due to the presence of dust in the Kuiper belt.

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This article shows the absurdity of the interpretation of quantum mechanics and presents a realistic solution.

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A gedanken experiment by Mermin claims the impossibility of giving a realistic interpretation to his experiment. This paper gives a description of how Mermin's enigma can be solved classically.

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Photos taken during the meeting.

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This book demonstrates that using classical physics and Galilean coordinates, one can derive the observed phenomena attributed to relativity.Einstein's Relativity.

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We show that Michelson and Morley used an over-simplified description of their experiment. They failed to notice that their calculation is not compatible with their own hypothesis that light is traveling at a constant velocity with respect to a rest frame. During the last century, physicists used the Michelson-Morley equations in numerous ways without realizing that two essential fundamental phenomena are missing. When these overlooked phenomena are taken into account, we see that a null result in the Michelson-Morley experiment is the consequence of an absolute frame of reference and classical physics.

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We show that the solution proposed by Lorentz to explain the consistency of the speed of light can be interpreted as an average velocity between light traveling in two directions. For an observer moving relative to the source, the speed of light is never equal to c, just as in the case using Galilean transformations. We also present a numerical example of the Lorentz transformation which confirms this claim. We see that the predicted relative space distortion does not exist. The perfect compatibility between this new corrected result and the predictions using mass-energy conservation and quantum mechanics disproves the validity of the asymmetric space distortion.

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As in the case of the Michelson-Morley experiment, the Brillet and Hall experiment is also designed to test the symmetry of space. Brillet and Hall use a large Fabry-Perot "etalon of length" in the hope of getting a constant frequency. However, we show that, in the transverse direction, the path length is longer because light travels at an angle a in the Fabry-Perot interferometer. This corresponds to a cavity having a longer effective size. Therefore, even if the physical size of the cavity remains equal to L, the fact that light travels a longer distance inside the cavity makes the effective length longer. Therefore, a zero shift of frequency in the Brillet and Hall experiment is compatible with Galilean space, and conversely, a positive shift of frequency, which is not observed, is required to be compatible with Einstein's relativity.

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Einstein's does not give any physical model explaining the fundamental nature of the increase of mass at relativistic velocities. We demonstrate that for the electron, this is due to magnetic energy increase as calculated by the Biot-Savart equation. In fact, we can calculate the relativistic parameter g, using electromagnetic theory. This leads to a physical description of the internal structure of the electron compatible with the de Broglie equation. We conclude with a realistic description of photons which solves the wave-particle paradox.

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When we move away at the speed v from a source emitting light at the speed c, the relative motion is detectable using the Doppler effect. How can we explain logically that these photons appear to reach us at velocity c and not (c-v)? Relativity does not give a rational explanation. A rational explanation is given in this paper using Newtonian physics.

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Gives a detailed and complete demonstration of an equation for the advance of the perihelion of Mercury, which is identical to Einstein's equation. This is based on Newton's physics as explained in the book "

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This paper shows that all the measurements of the deflection of radiation by the Sun have an accuracy which is largely insufficient to prove the physical existence of the phenomenon. In fact, there exists no experimental proof that light is deflected by the Sun.

This paper reports an analysis of Einstein's principle of equivalence between inertial and gravitational acceleration and its consequences on general relativity. It is shown that the simple application of the principle to photons moving in the Sun's gravitational potential leads to an equation which cannot be compatible with the one predicting the deflection of light by the Sun. One must conclude that the principle of equivalence is not compatible with the principles of general relativity.

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This paper gives a realistic description of the physical mechanism responsible for length contraction and the change of clock rate when masses move at high velocities. This description is a natural consequence of the principle of mass-energy conservation and classical mechanics without the esoteric principles of Einstein's relativity.

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This paper demonstrates how quantum mechanics solves all the problems previously attributed to relativity, when atoms acquire gravitational energy. Using mass-energy conservation, this paper presents the fundamental explanation of the "Advance of the Perihelion of Mercury" and the "Pound and Rebka" experiment.

A study of stellar aberration shows that this phenomenon has nothing to do with relativity. It is a simple geometrical problem.

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With 3-D videos and animations.

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The author's opinions on various subjects related to physics.

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About 75 HTML pages.

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Link to information about the author

Paul Marmet(1932-2005)

B. Sc., Ph. D. (Physics), Laval University

O. C. (Order of Canada)

F. R. S. C.

Author of more than 100 papers in the field of Electron Spectroscopy.

Professor, Physics, Laval University, Québec, Canada: 1962-83,

Senior Research Officer, National Research Council of Canada: 1983-90,

Visiting, Adjunct, Professor, University of Ottawa, 1990-99.