( Last checked 2020/12/14 - The estate of Paul Marmet
In the web pages below, we present explanations
which are compatible with Newtonian and semi-classical
physics. We apply the principle of causality and
avoid models requiring a probabilistic existence of matter
and non-locality. This differs from the current
approach of modern physics.
Index of Papers, Books and relevant links
1- A New Non-Doppler Redshift
Semi-classical physics can explain a slightly inelastic
collision of photons due to traces of hydrogen in outer space.
These inelastic collisions are responsible for an observed redshift
which is undistinguishable from the cosmological redshift.
Numerous observations give strong supporting evidence for that
previously ignored natural phenomenon.
2- Big Bang Cosmology Meets
an Astronomical Death
More and more astronomical evidence points to inconsistencies
in the Big Bang theory. A canadian astrophysicist presents
this evidence and explains how the cosmic redshift is caused by
gaseous matter in space, not by the Doppler effect.
3- Discovery of H2
in Space Explains Dark Matter and Redshift
Molecular hydrogen, difficult to detect and long ignored, is
now shown to exist in sufficient quantity to explain Dark Matter and
the cosmological redshift. Exotic particles are not needed and
the universe can be interpreted as not expanding.
4- The Origin of the 3 K
It is shown that the 3 K radiation received from outer space
is simply the natural Planck radiation emitted by the well known
dust and gaseous interstellar gases at 3 K.
5- Non-Doppler Redshift of
Some Galactic Objects
Redshift observations reported in several galactic objects
like binary stars, star clusters, and the K effect are compared with
the predicted non-Doppler redshift caused by the inelastic
transmission of photons in rarefied interstellar gases (due to the
mechanism explained above in papers 1, 2 and 3). It is found
that the observations are compatible with the predicted redshift
caused by a gas around and between stars. This mechanism has
important consequences in cosmology.
Open Letter to the Scientific Community
Published in New
Scientist, May 22, 2004.
7- Redshift of Spectral
lines in the Sun's Chromosphere
A center-to-limb variation of solar wavelengths has been
known for 75 years but has remained unexplained until now. A
theory considered in this paper can explain this variation and also
predict its amplitude without the need of any adjustable parameter.
8- Cosmic Matter and the
An increasingly large number of recent observations
consistently reveals the existence of a much larger amount of
intergalactic matter than known a few years ago. That
intergalactic gas appears to be responsible for the observed
redshift. This result lead to a nonexpanding cosmological
9- The 3 K Microwave
Background and Olbers' Paradox
Olbers' paradox has a clear solution when we realize that the
interstellar matter (dust and gases) is at 3 K. If our eyes
could detect that 3 K radiation, the night sky will then be quite
bright. There is no paradox when we observe the sky at the
10- The Cosmological Constant
and the Redshift of Quasars
We explain the reason why quasars appear to be unusual
objects with large redshifts while being physically much closer to
us than usually claimed. We explain why the redshift
compatible with the luminosity distance relationship observed in
galaxies is not observed in quasars.
11- Enlargement of the
Earth's Shadow on the Moon: An Optical Illusion
"Crater timing" has been used during lunar eclipses to
determine the size of the Earth's shadow. It is generally
believed that the Earth's atmosphere is responsible for an apparent
enlargement. However, refraction by the Earth atmosphere would
make a much smaller shadow on the moon. It is shown that this
is an optical illusion. It has been reproduced in a
laboratory and observed by several independent observers.
12- New Study of the
Anomalous Acceleration of Pioneer 10 and 11
A previous analysis of radio Doppler and ranging data from
distant Pioneer 10 and 11 spacecrafts indicated an apparent
anomalous gravitational acceleration. Several hypotheses
involving new physics have been proposed. We propose here that
the additional acceleration in the direction of the Sun is due to
the presence of dust in the Kuiper belt.
13- Absurdities in Modern
Physics: A Solution
This article shows the absurdity of the interpretation of
quantum mechanics and presents a realistic solution.
14- Quantum Mechanics and
its Paradox: A Realistic Solution to Mermin's EPR Apparatus
A gedanken experiment by Mermin claims the impossibility of
giving a realistic interpretation to his experiment. This
paper gives a description of how Mermin's enigma can be solved
classically. (Note: After publication of this paper, an
experiment was performed with a detection efficiency near unity,
thus eliminating the 'detection efficiency' loophole. This
paper no longer offers a realistic solution to violations of Bell's
See: M.A. Rowe et al., "Experimental violation of a
Bell's Inequality with efficient detection", Nature 409, p. 791,
2001. The estate of Paul Marmet)
15- International Meeting
"Galileo", Bologna, 1999
Photos taken during the meeting.
16- Einstein's Theory of
Relativity versus Classical Mechanics
(A hard copy of this
book is available.)
This book demonstrates that using classical physics and
Galilean coordinates, one can derive the observed phenomena
attributed to relativity.Einstein's Relativity.
17- The Overlooked
Phenomena in the Michelson-Morley Experiment
We show that Michelson and Morley used an over-simplified
description of their experiment. They failed to notice that
their calculation is not compatible with their own hypothesis that
light is traveling at a constant velocity with respect to a rest
frame. During the last century, physicists used the
Michelson-Morley equations in numerous ways without realizing that
two essential fundamental phenomena are missing. When these
overlooked phenomena are taken into account, we see that a null
result in the Michelson-Morley experiment is the consequence of an
absolute frame of reference and classical physics.
18- The Collapse of the
We show that the solution proposed by Lorentz to explain the
consistency of the speed of light can be interpreted as an average
velocity between light traveling in two directions. For an
observer moving relative to the source, the speed of light is never
equal to c, just as in the case using Galilean
transformations. We also present a numerical example of the
Lorentz transformation which confirms this claim. We see that
the predicted relative space distortion does not exist. The
perfect compatibility between this new corrected result and the
predictions using mass-energy conservation and quantum mechanics
disproves the validity of the asymmetric space distortion.
19- Design Error in the
Brillet and Hall's Experiment
As in the case of the Michelson-Morley experiment, the
Brillet and Hall experiment is also designed to test the symmetry of
space. Brillet and Hall use a large Fabry-Perot "etalon of
length" in the hope of getting a constant frequency. However,
we show that, in the transverse direction, the path length is longer
because light travels at an angle a in
the Fabry-Perot interferometer. This corresponds to a cavity
having a longer effective size. Therefore, even if the
physical size of the cavity remains equal to L, the fact that light
travels a longer distance inside the cavity makes the effective
length longer. Therefore, a zero shift of frequency in the
Brillet and Hall experiment is compatible with Galilean space, and
conversely, a positive shift of frequency, which is not observed,
is required to be compatible with Einstein's relativity.
20- Fundamental Nature of
Relativistic Mass and Magnetic Fields
Einstein's does not give any physical model explaining the
fundamental nature of the increase of mass at relativistic
velocities. We demonstrate that for the electron, this is due
to magnetic energy increase as calculated by the Biot-Savart
equation. In fact, we can calculate the relativistic parameter
g, using electromagnetic theory.
This leads to a physical description of the internal structure
of the electron compatible with the de Broglie equation. We
conclude with a realistic description of photons which solves the
21- The GPS and the
Constant Velocity of Light
When we move away at the speed v from a source emitting light
at the speed c, the relative motion is detectable using the Doppler
effect. How can we explain logically that these photons appear
to reach us at velocity c and not (c-v)? Relativity does not
give a rational explanation. A rational explanation is given
in this paper using Newtonian physics.
22- A Detailed Classical
Description of the Advance of the Perihelion of Mercury
Gives a detailed and complete demonstration of an equation
for the advance of the perihelion of Mercury, which is identical to
Einstein's equation. This is based on Newton's physics as
explained in the book "Einstein's Theory of Relativity versus
Classical Mechanics". Classical physics provides a very
simple explanation for the advance of the perihelion of Mercury.
23- Relativistic Deflection
of Light Near the Sun Using Radio Signals and Visible Light
This paper shows that all the measurements of the deflection
of radiation by the Sun have an accuracy which is largely
insufficient to prove the physical existence of the
phenomenon. In fact, there exists no experimental proof that
light is deflected by the Sun. (Note: After publication of
this paper, an experiment was performed during the 2017 solar
eclipse using a high performance CCD camera and star positions from
the USNO UCAC5 star catalog. Light deflection by the sun is
demonstrated and agrees with relativity within 3% uncertainty.
See: D.G. Bruns, "Gravitational Starlight Deflection
Measurements during the 21 August 2017 Total Solar Eclipse", arXiv:1802.00343.
The estate of Paul Marmet)
between Einstein's General Relativity and the Principle of
This paper reports an analysis of Einstein's principle of
equivalence between inertial and gravitational acceleration and its
consequences on general relativity. It is shown that the
simple application of the principle to photons moving in the Sun's
gravitational potential leads to an equation which cannot be
compatible with the one predicting the deflection of light by the
Sun. One must conclude that the principle of equivalence
is not compatible with the principles of general relativity.
25- Natural Length
Contraction Mechanism Due to Kinetic Energy.
This paper gives a realistic description of the physical
mechanism responsible for length contraction and the change of clock
rate when masses move at high velocities. This description is
a natural consequence of the principle of mass-energy conservation
and classical mechanics without the esoteric principles of
26- Natural Physical Length
Contraction Due to Gravity
This paper demonstrates how quantum mechanics solves all the
problems previously attributed to relativity, when atoms acquire
gravitational energy. Using mass-energy conservation, this
paper presents the fundamental explanation of the "Advance of
the Perihelion of Mercury" and the "Pound and Rebka" experiment.
27- Stellar Aberration
and Einstein's Relativity
A study of stellar aberration shows that this phenomenon has
nothing to do with relativity. It is a simple geometrical
28- Teaching Fundamental
With 3-D videos and animations.
The author's opinions on various subjects related to physics.
30- USB stick containing all
the pages of the Newton Physics web site
About 75 HTML pages.
Read Copyright notice
A USB Flash Drive containing all the pages on this
site, (about 75 HTML pages) is available.
Link to information about the author
Paul Marmet (1932-2005)
B. Sc., Ph. D. (Physics), Laval University
O. C. (Order of Canada)
F. R. S. C.
Author of more than 100 papers in the field of Electron
Professor, Physics, Laval University, Québec, Canada: 1962-83,
Senior Research Officer, National Research Council of Canada:
Visiting, Adjunct, Professor, University of Ottawa, 1990-99.